Youngstock

Youngstock

Calf’s Choice Total® 100 (CCT)

Our ‘spray dried - whole bovine colostrum’

CCT is our natural bovine colostrum with a broad spectrum of essential colostral proteins. The product manufacturing is backed by years of research by academic veterinarians. CCT stems from maintaining all the essential elements that mother nature intended.  CCT is safe and effective and can be easily mixed within 15 seconds. CCT is recommended to be given within 2 hours after birth and calves should receive a second feed within the following 8 hours.

We focus here on Heifer Rearing, but our same principles of attention to detail using quality ingredients in fixed formulations rations hold for all classes of youngstock be they beef or dairy.

Success needs a plan, we want to work with our customers to ensure you get the best from your animals.

Why Calf’s Choice Total® 100 (CCT)?

  • Natural Bovine Colostrum - not a manufactured formula based on whey or eggs.
  • Sourced in Europe – EBL free, TB free.
  • High in Colostral Fat - important energy source required by calves immediately after birth.
  • Safe and Effective - free of disease-causing organisms, tested for safety and efficacy.
  • Convenient - Easily mixes in under 15 seconds and has a 3 year shelf life.

TCF-three-counties-feeds-SCCL-bovine-colostrum

Calf Pro : Calf milk replacers

Three Counties Feeds supply and sell calf milk replacers made by Lacto Production.

TCF Pro Gro Elite - High quality 60% skimmed milk powder, Pro Gro Elite has been specially designed for professional rearing systems. Formulated from 100% dairy protein, it guarantees accelerated body development contributing greatly to the success of the nursing phase. Specially selected fats and oils promote healthy digestive development, with added probiotics increasing immune system development.

TCF Calf Pro 50 – Contains 50% skimmed milk powder. It is a highly formulated milk powder with high levels of dairy protein to ensure maximum digestion of nutrients. This product is perfect for maximising growth to unlock the potential performance of any dairy replacements.

TCF Calf Pro 35 - High quality 35% skimmed milk powder specifically designed to be fed as part of an enhanced feed programme for both dairy and beef calves.

TCF Calf Pro 15 - Predominantly a whey based powder but still containing 15% skimmed milk powder. It is a top quality milk replacer designed for optimum growth rates. This product can be used for all types of calves and is also suitable for computerised feeding systems.

Heifer Rearing Guide

The 3 pillars of heifer rearing are:

Body Weight - Diet - Health.

Measuring and recording these parameters is vital to achieving success.

Success is strong heifers calving at 22-24 months @ 85-90% mature weight post calving and yielding at least 80% of cows.

 

Stage 1 = Birth to Weaning

Each extra 100grams of average daily weight gain in this period results in 225litres of milk in the first lactation! Therefore milk powder is actually very cheap.

After good colostrum intakes calves should soon be onto at least 2.5 litres of replacer @ 150 gram/litre twice daily for Holstein calves. Higher intakes are possible and give increased growth but make can lead to weaning checks.  Milk replacer should be 23% protein and 17% fat. Cheap milk replacer give lower feed conversion and more scours at higher feeding rates so are not cheap in the long run.

Calf starter and water should be available from 2 days. Calves should be eating 1.5kg starter by weaning to maintain growth. Clean, fresh food and water daily will encourage intakes and improve weaning performance. Calves eat more starter when they can see other calves eating it.

Chopped roughage has been shown to aid starter intake but be careful calves do not gorge on it. However this is unlikely to happen to well fed calves – usually this is a result of hunger.

Reduce to once daily feeding at 56 days and wean at 63 days provided starter intake is adequate. 
Target 80kg @ 63 days.

Hygiene in stage 1 is vital. Early removal from a clean calving box to a clean calf pen will prevent scours. Avoid damp and draughts to prevent pneumonia, keeping the floor dry is important. Remember these calves are cold below 15 degrees so provide extra bedding and increase MR in cold weather.

 

Stage 2 – Growing to Conception

Target growth @ 900gram/day for Holsteins in this period. Weighing animals is vital. Balanced nutrition will ensure the correct proportions of muscle and bone.

Post weaned animals will still have a small capacity for forage so need a mainly concentrate ration but the quantity of forage can be increased along with the growing animals ability to digest it.

Avoid group changes/diet changes/stress around the time of service.

 

Stage 3 In Calf Heifer

Pregnant animals are much more likely to store energy as fat and so overfeeding at this time will damage future production ability. This makes it impossible to feed smaller pregnant heifers more to catch them up. Early growth is vital.

However 750grams of growth is required to ensure adequate size at calving.

Continued weight monitoring will help ensure over feeding will not lead to fresh cow health issues in the first lactation.

Have a Plan

Successful replacement rearing needs a plan. Below is an example of the plan on one of our customers farms.  These are tailored to the mature cow size on the farm and the calf rearing facilities. Please contact us if your herd needs a heifer rearing plan to improve growth in youngstock and ultimately performance of first lactation animals.